SERVICE UPON RECEIPT AND INSTALLATION
Section I. SITE AND SHELTER REQUIREMENTS
Table 2-1. Tower Distance From Obstructions
2-1 SITING. Whenever possible, select a tower site
that meets the following requirements:
Distance to be maintained
Scattered trees and single,
a. The area should be substantially flat for at least
150 yards in all directions from the center of the site,
with not more than gentle sloping at several times that
b. The site should be located on the highest level
High cliffs and deep ravines
More than 1 mile
area available in the general vicinity. (A site in a
sharply defined valley is usually unsatisfactory.)
Buried metallic conductors
c. Mountainous or hilly terrain should be avoided.
(cables and pipelines)
d. Proximity to large bodies of water should be
avoided. Coastal refraction errors are a problem near
Chimney stacks and water
shorelines. (If installation must be made on or near the
coast, the most level area should be selected. Accuracy
is greatest when signals from the target area cross the
Overhead conductors (power
coastline at right angles.)
lines, telephone lines, and
e. The earth surrounding the installation should
uniform moisture content. Areas evenly covered with
grass or vegetation usually meet this requirement.
Rivers, streams, and lakes
avoided where possible. However, an area with uniform
Forests and metal structures
500 to 1,000 yards
low conductivity is preferable to an area of high
5 to 25 miles
varying moisture content.)
f Regions showing scattered bare spaces of earth
2-3 MECHANICAL CONSIDERATIONS. To erect and
should be avoided. Such spaces usually indicate the
install the tower, an area approximately 135 feet (41
presence of rocks, mineral outcroppings, or underground
meters) long by 20 feet (6 meters) wide is required. The
area should be able to withstand at least 3,000 pounds
per square foot (14,648 kilograms per square meter).
g. The site should be far enough from obstructions
Firm clay or compact sand have these properties.
to assure greater accuracy of bearings. Table 2-1 lists
(Refer to figure 2-3.) If the area selected for installation
recommended distances that should be maintained
does not have this minimum load-bearing capacity, the
between the set and various obstructions.
size of all concrete piers must be increased to further
distribute the load. Consult civil engineers for advice.
2-2 OTHER REQUIREMENTS. In addition to the
requirements listed above, the site area should:
2-4 POWER REQUIREMENTS. Three-phase, 230/460
a. Be level so that operators can use equipment
V, 60 Hz electric power must be available for the hoists.
with maximum efficiency.
(Site should not be
2-5 SHELTER REQUIREMENTS. There are no shelter
located in depressions or gullies.)
requirements for the Antenna Tower TS-1A.
c. Be located away from dry streambeds. (Sudden
d. Be surveyed before erection of the tower for
tower and pier layouts and for hoist location. Refer to